Zelta Zeme - Baltic peat moss producer since 1933

Our extraction and production site in Līvāni, East Latvia, is one of the biggest  substrate-manufacturing operations in Baltics, with extensive raw-material reserves. We continually invest in the modernisation and expansion of our plants and our machinery pool

Production quantities

Our production of growing media for commercial horticulture increased to 560’000 m³ in 2019. Due to the good weather conditions in the harvesting season 2019 the amount of raw peat materials extracted increased significant. In 2020, the peat extraction season started already at the end of April, which is a very good indicator. This makes it possible to start offering freshly obtained RHP certified peat as early as May.

Zelta Zeme has significant advantages in peat production

Own peat resources

Zelta Zeme raw material processing uses peat only from our own fields, which are located right next to the plant. We are able to supply ourselves with the best quality raw materials that we control ourselves in all stages.

Own railroad

Large quantities of peat are moved every day. Logistics costs are very important here, so it is a great advantage that we have our own railway from the peat fields to the production.It also reduces total Co2 emissions

Full cycle plant

We have production equipment that ensures a continuous product development cycle from peat field treatment to finished product loaded into truck or container. As a result, we speed up all processes and can effectively control them.

Sphagnum peat moss production - step by step

Our peat production

Zelta Zeme has extensive resources that form the basis for excellent growing media. Sod-cut peat and milled peat fractions undergo further processing in this state-of-the-art substrate factory. From here we supply to customers with  products in the form of different size bags and big bales.

Peat bogs drainage

Surface milling technique

White to light brown fibrous Sphagnum peat moss is harvested with large vacuum harvesters. This machine drives across the bog surface drawing the dried Sphagnum peat moss into a large canister

Peat is unloaded at the edge of the field to be loaded onto train wagons and transported from there

Peat is stacked in elongated piles where it is stored until it is taken to a processing plant.

Sod peat fractionating

Surface milling technique

Quality raw materials play crucial role in growing media producing

Sphagnum peat moss as a component of horticultural growing media is very important because of the unique main properties of the sphagnum cells to hold and release water.  However, there are many ways in which these important features can be significantly changed. Only experienced peat extractors and processors can provide peat that will be ideal for the most demanding grower.

Significant advantages of our peat raw materials

Zelta Zeme work hard to plant growth well

We are one of the leading peat producer in the international substrate industry, with significant supplies to Europe, Asia and America market. All over the world, our growing media provide a vital basis for plant growth, and for the success of our partners and customers in the commercial horticulture sector.

Founded in 1933, we are among the biggest peat producers in Baltics. We are very forward-looking in our strategic focus, enabling us to stay on track towards sustained growth and achieve lasting success in all areas of the company.

High performance equipment for the production of peat substrates

The best growing media for demanding gardeners

More than 90 % of all growing media are based on black and white peat. Premium quality raised bog peat has proven to be the constituent with the most beneficial properties for use in growing media. It is the first choice in modern professional horticulture. The quality and performance of growing media are predetermined with the right raw material components. The harvesting method, harvesting technique, structure, moisture content and processing determine important physical factors such as air and water capacity or structural stability.